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Basic Lesson Plan 198 Back Country First Aid

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  • Basic Lesson Plan 198 Back Country First Aid

    Basic Lesson Plan 198

    Back Country First Aid

    Introduction: Well you have all your group ready to go on a hike and camping trip. This will be your first time out in a local forest and you expect to have a great time with family and friends. As a test of your prepper planning you are carrying everything you might need.
    OK ready set S T O P:

    A. The four basic checks for First Aid include the following:

    1. Stop the Bleeding. You can bleed out in under one minute so first check for major bleeding. Trauma treatment for major arterial bleeding apply tourniquet, pressure bandages, and transport for medical treatment.

    2. Check for Breathing. You will start having brain damage starting at 3 minutes of no oxygen going to the brain. Know and use CPR. Continue until individual can breath on their own. Maintain observation and transport for medical treatment.

    3. Check and treat for other injuries. This includes, broken bones, lacerations, contusions, etc.

    4. Treat for shock. Keep individual on the ground with legs raised above heart (Most of the time), keep warm, provide water, and transport for medical treatment.

    B. KEEP WARM, AND BE COOL. Relatively small fluctuations in core body temperature can mean major medical issues:

    104 and up - Heat stroke. Stop exercise, cool patient, and seek medical help.

    100 to 103 - Heat exhaustion. Stop exercise and cool patient by immersing or misting; give sips of water.

    97 to 99 - Normal

    90 to 95 - Mild hypothermia. Warm the patient with sleeping bags, hot drinks, fire, and your body heat.

    Below 90 - Moderate to severe hypothermia. Warm patient as above and seek medical help.

    C. Common First Aid challenges:

    1. Treating Wounds. Reduce infection risk by cleaning cuts like a pro: Apply pressure to stop bleeding, then wash skin around the gash with soap and water. Flush using bursts of clean water from a sports bottle or plastic bag with a clipped corner. Pat dry and cover with a petroleum jelly-treated gauze bandage.

    2. Head injuries (Concussions). Concussions are perhaps the most frequent serious back country injury. The proper response depends on the severity of the concussion: Mild (headache, temporary confusion, brief amnesia, and/or loss of consciousness): Slowly evacuate the patient. Severe (worsening symptoms): Can trigger a deadly increase in pressure within the skull; evacuate urgently.

    3. Sprains: . Rest if possible, and reduce pain ,and swelling with ibuprofen and a half-hour cold water immersion every 90 minutes.

    4. Stomach/bowel problems. Stomach issues usually resolve in a day or two without meds, but severe vomiting and/or diarrhea especially if you can’t keep fluids down, mean it’s time to seek help.

    5. Beware of Bee Stings/Snake strikes. Remove stinger by scraping a credit card across it (tweezers can cause more venom to be released); wash the sting site, apply cool compresses, and give patient an antihistamine. For severe allergic reactions, an epinephrine shot is essential to treating anaphylaxis: For snake bit recover the snake (Dead) for proper identification. DO NOT CUT at the area of the strike. Treat for shock. Transport to proper medical treatment.

    6. Wash Your Hands! Sanitizer doesn’t eliminate germs as effectively as washing, especially when hands are visibly dirty. Scrub with soap and water for at least 20 seconds after bathroom breaks and before handling food to prevent the spread of nasty bugs.

    D. Using Common Sense Ideas:

    1. Make Your Own. Wounds don’t come in predetermined shapes and sizes, so why should bandages? Instead, I pack a few rolls of sterile gauze and flexible medical tape to custom-fit dressings of any dimensions on the fly. Keep a clean T-shirt that you can cut up for bandages. A 1” belt or strap can be used with a stick as a tourniquet.

    2. Cooking With Caution. A few good habits in the camp kitchen can prevent many common back country burns. Use pot holders.

    3. Hike Smart. A person who struggles up and down hills on a trail, and who does not admit that they are over their head is also the most likely to get hurt.


    Remember this is only the start - the more you know, the better the chance you and you group will survive

  • #2
    Great post. This is something all of us need to know how to do. Also all of us need to be CPR certified. You never know when you will need that skill.